Sustainable Agriculture: Responsible farming through the use of organics. Hydroponics, Local market and Organic, bio-dynamic cultivating.
Three reasons sustainable agriculture is becoming more common:
1- Cost of food. ( Change in weather, less rain more drain. cost to ship fuel)
2-Declining resources, petroleum, i.e fuel. and land.
3- Soil protection/ environmental.
5 Concepts in sustainable AG used to build soil:
1- Use of organic fertilizers.
2- Use of natural wind breaks.
3-Fert. based on soil testing.
4-Minimize or eliminate tillage.
5-Maintain cover crops.
Buffer zones: Between water sources and irrigated fields:
Protects Natural H2o sources, prevents H2o/ fert run off.
Provide beneficial predators a home.
Adds wind breaks.
The bottom line for all farms and business is to make profit.
Organic AG is the use of ‘natural products’ with out the interference of synthetics or pesticides from soil to leaf.
The NOP: National Organic Program. State run certifies for conforming of organic standards and management of farms. They are regulated by the USDA. (NOP is more like the UCMJ, a set of guidelines for a third party to reference)
The 6 principles of organic production:
1-Bio diversity( Not mono cropping, multiple variates of plants and species)
4-Natural plant nutrition
5-Natural pest mg-mt. ( Lady bugs, praying mantis, lace wings, nematode eaters)
6-Integrity-(Keeping your equipment clean making sure your seed source is really organic and non GMO)
Cover crops: Helps prevent erosion, replaces lost nutes from previous season. “Green-manure.” Prevents soil loss.
Biological pest control: Natural pest predators: frogs, lizards, birds, Mantis, lady bugs.
Mulching: Helps return lost nitrogen into soil. Holds moisture, kills unwanted plants adds bulk to soil.
Conventional seed stock: Can only be used if stock grower is looking for can not be found organic, they grow the plant for one single year, ( as organic) seeds from next season can be used as organic.